Wisdom tooth extraction is a common dental procedure that is necessary when the third molars, also known as wisdom teeth, become impacted or cause other dental problems. In Sri Lanka, this procedure is performed by experienced dentists and oral surgeons, and there are various options available depending on the individual case.
What are Wisdom Teeth?
Wisdom teeth are the last set of molars that usually develop in a person’s late teens or early twenties. However, not everyone develops wisdom teeth, and some people may have more or less than four. When wisdom teeth grow correctly and have enough room to emerge, they do not require extraction. But in many cases, the wisdom teeth become impacted or partially erupted, causing pain, swelling, and infection.
Why is Wisdom Tooth Extraction Necessary?
When wisdom teeth become impacted, they can cause a range of dental problems, including:
- Gum infection and swelling
- Tooth decay
- Tooth displacement or crowding
- Damage to adjacent teeth or nerves
- Development of cysts or tumors
To prevent these complications, dentists and oral surgeons may recommend a wisdom tooth extraction.
What is the Procedure for Wisdom Tooth Extraction?
The procedure for wisdom tooth extraction depends on the individual case and the position of the wisdom teeth. In general, there are two types of extraction procedures: simple extraction and surgical extraction.
Simple Extraction: This type of extraction is performed when the wisdom tooth has fully erupted and is visible in the mouth. The dentist or oral surgeon will numb the area with local anesthesia and use forceps to loosen and remove the tooth.
Surgical Extraction: This type of extraction is performed when the wisdom tooth is impacted or partially erupted. The dentist or oral surgeon will make an incision in the gum and remove any bone blocking the tooth. They may also need to break the tooth into smaller pieces for easier removal.
Are Wisdom Tooth Extractions Painful?
The level of pain during wisdom tooth extraction varies depending on the individual case and the type of extraction procedure. Local anesthesia is used to numb the area, so patients should not feel any pain during the procedure. After the procedure, patients may experience some discomfort, swelling, and bleeding, but this can be managed with pain medication and following post-operative instructions provided by the dentist or oral surgeon.
What is the Cost of Wisdom Tooth Extraction in Sri Lanka?
The cost of wisdom tooth extraction in Sri Lanka varies depending on the complexity of the procedure and the location of the dental clinic. On average, the cost of a simple extraction ranges from Rs. 5,000 to Rs. 15,000, while the cost of a surgical extraction ranges from Rs. 10,000 to Rs. 50,000.